Know, and may Allah grant you success:
The fara’id (compulsory) acts of wudu are seven:
1. Niyyah (intention) when washing the face.9
2. Washing the face.10
3. Washing the hands to (including) the elbows.11
4. Wiping the whole head.12
5. Washing the feet to (including) the ankles.13
6. Al-Faur (Uninterruptedly)14
7. Ad-Dalk (Rubbing)15
It is also obligatory, while washing your face that you penetrate through your beard if the hair of your beard is light to the point that you can see the skin underneath. However, if it is too much or thick then it is not obligatory to penetrate through it. Similarly, it is obligatory, while washing the hands that you wash between the fingers according to the mashhuur (the prominent position in the madhhab)
The Sunnah acts of wudu are eight.
1. Washing the hands to the wrist at the beginning.16
2. Rinsing out the mouth. 3. Slightly inhaling the water.
4. Exhaling; blowing water out of the nose.
5. Returning the wiping of the head (to the front).
6. Wiping the ears; outside and inside.
7. Renewing the water for wiping the ears.
8. Following to order of fara’id (obligatory) acts.
The fada’il (meritorious) acts of wudu are seven.
1. Saying ‘bismillah’
2. Doing wudu in a clean place
3. Using minimum amount of water without any specific limit
4. Placing the water container on the right hand side if it is open (on top)
5. To wash twice or thrice after having done the first time
6. Beginning from front of the head (when wiping it)
7. Siwak (brushing the teeth)
And Allah knows best.
9 It is mentioned that the niyyah is to be observed just before washing the face since it is the first obligatory limb to be washed from amongst the obligatory limbs, however it is highly recommended to make it at the onset and maintained until the washing of the face. The niyyah is not to be said out loud, it is in the heart. Also, it is not any specific utterance or wording. It suffices that you become fully aware that you are intending to remove hadath (impurity) in order that you may enter into a state in which it is permissible to pray, to touch the Qur’an, etc.
10 The face is from the hairline down to the chin and what is between the tragus of the right ear and the tragus of the left ear. It is important that one does not fold the lips pass the makhraj (point of articulation) of the letter (baa) as lips are considered part of the face.
11 The hand is from the finger tips to, in this case including, the elbow.
12 You simply wet your hands and wipe the whole head beginning from the front hairline to the hairline at the back of your head.
13 The feet are washed in their totality including the ankles and nothing beyond. It is equally important to wash between the toes.
14 This means washing the next limb immediately after the previous limb without a very long break in between. A very long while is considered to be the duration long enough for the previous limb to be completely dry.
15 It does not suffice to let water run over your limb, it is obligatory to rub the limbs.
16 One does not dip his hands inside the water container until he has washed the hands by pouring water over and washing them, with the fear of polluting the water which is intended to purify the rest of the limbs.