Lesson 5 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Ghusl

Lesson 5 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Ghusl

Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah

27th June, 2017

Ghusl

This is a course taught by Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks covering the entire text. This text covers the essentials of purification, prayer and fasting according to the Mālikī school.

Matn

al-‘Ashmawiyyah.

Purification – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous acts of Wudu

You can download an MP3 of this lesson here: Lesson 4 – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Wudu

You can download a PDF of the english text here: Matn al-Ashmawiyyah

 

Lesson Notes:

The fara’id (compulsory) acts of wudu are seven.

1. Niyyah (intention) when washing the face.1
2. Washing the face.2
3. Washing the hands to (including) the elbows.3
4. Wiping the whole head.4
5. Washing the feet to (including) the ankles.5
6. Al-Faur (Uninterruptedly)6
7. Ad-Dalk (Rubbing)7

It is also obligatory while washing your face that you penetrate through your beard if the hair of your beard is light to the point that you can see the skin underneath. However, if it is too much or thick then it is not obligatory to penetrate through it. Similarly, it is obligatory, while washing the hands that you wash between the fingers according to the mashhuur (the prominent position in the madhhab)

The Sunnah acts of wudu are eight:

1. Washing the hands to the wrist at the beginning.8
2. Rinsing out the mouth.
3. Slightly inhaling the water.
4. Exhaling; blowing water out of the nose.
5. Returning the wiping of the head (to the front).
6. Wiping the ears; outside and inside.
7. Renewing the water for wiping the ears.
8. Following to order of fara’id (obligatory) acts.

The fada’il (meritorious) acts of wudu are seven:

1. Saying ‘bismillah’
2. Doing wudu in a clean place
3. Using minimum amount of water without any specific limit
4. Placing the water container on the right hand side if it is open (on top)
5. To wash twice or thrice after having done the first time
6. Beginning from front of the head (when wiping it)
7. Siwak (brushing the teeth)

And Allah knows best.

Footnotes:

1.It is mentioned that the niyyah is to be observed just before washing the face since it is the first obligatory limb to be washed from amongst the obligatory limbs, however, it is highly recommended to make it at the onset and maintained until the washing of the face. The niyyah is not to be said out loud, it is in the heart. Also, it is not any specific utterance or wording. It suffices that you become fully aware that you are intending to remove hadath (impurity) in order that you may enter into a state in which it is permissible to pray, to touch the Qur’an, etc.
2 The face is from the hairline down to the chin and what is between the tragus of the right ear and the tragus of the left ear. It is important that one does not fold the lips pass the makhraj (point of articulation) of the letter (baa) as lips are considered part of the face.
3 The hand is from the finger tips to, in this case including, the elbow.
4 You simply wet your hands and wipe the whole head beginning from the front hairline to the hairline at the back of your head.
5 The feet are washed in their totality including the ankles and nothing beyond. It is equally important to wash between the toes.
6 This means washing the next limb immediately after the previous limb without a very long break in between. A very long while is considered to be the duration long enough for the previous limb to be completely dry.
7 It does not suffice to let water run over your limb, it is obligatory to rub the limbs.
8 One does not dip his hands inside the water container until he has washed the hands by pouring water over and washing them, with the fear of polluting the water which is intended to purify the rest of the limbs.

40 HADITH

The 40 Hadith, compiled by Imam Nawawi

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Lesson 4 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Wudhu

Lesson 4 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Wudhu

Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah

23rd June, 2017

Wudhu

This is a course taught by Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks covering the entire text. This text covers the essentials of purification, prayer and fasting according to the Mālikī school.

Matn

al-‘Ashmawiyyah.

Purification – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Wudu

You can download an MP3 of this lesson here: Lesson 4 – Obligatory, Sunnah and Virtuous Acts of Wudu

You can download a PDF of the english text here: Matn al-Ashmawiyyah

 

Lesson Notes:

Know, and may Allah grant you success:

The fara’id (compulsory) acts of wudu are seven:

1. Niyyah (intention) when washing the face.9
2. Washing the face.10
3. Washing the hands to (including) the elbows.11
4. Wiping the whole head.12
5. Washing the feet to (including) the ankles.13
6. Al-Faur (Uninterruptedly)14
7. Ad-Dalk (Rubbing)15

It is also obligatory, while washing your face that you penetrate through your beard if the hair of your beard is light to the point that you can see the skin underneath. However, if it is too much or thick then it is not obligatory to penetrate through it. Similarly, it is obligatory, while washing the hands that you wash between the fingers according to the mashhuur (the prominent position in the madhhab)

The Sunnah acts of wudu are eight.

1. Washing the hands to the wrist at the beginning.16
2. Rinsing out the mouth. 3. Slightly inhaling the water.
4. Exhaling; blowing water out of the nose.
5. Returning the wiping of the head (to the front).
6. Wiping the ears; outside and inside.
7. Renewing the water for wiping the ears.
8. Following to order of fara’id (obligatory) acts.

The fada’il (meritorious) acts of wudu are seven.

1. Saying ‘bismillah’
2. Doing wudu in a clean place
3. Using minimum amount of water without any specific limit
4. Placing the water container on the right hand side if it is open (on top)
5. To wash twice or thrice after having done the first time
6. Beginning from front of the head (when wiping it)
7. Siwak (brushing the teeth)

And Allah knows best.

9 It is mentioned that the niyyah is to be observed just before washing the face since it is the first obligatory limb to be washed from amongst the obligatory limbs, however it is highly recommended to make it at the onset and maintained until the washing of the face. The niyyah is not to be said out loud, it is in the heart. Also, it is not any specific utterance or wording. It suffices that you become fully aware that you are intending to remove hadath (impurity) in order that you may enter into a state in which it is permissible to pray, to touch the Qur’an, etc.
10 The face is from the hairline down to the chin and what is between the tragus of the right ear and the tragus of the left ear. It is important that one does not fold the lips pass the makhraj (point of articulation) of the letter (baa) as lips are considered part of the face.
11 The hand is from the finger tips to, in this case including, the elbow.
12 You simply wet your hands and wipe the whole head beginning from the front hairline to the hairline at the back of your head.
13 The feet are washed in their totality including the ankles and nothing beyond. It is equally important to wash between the toes.
14 This means washing the next limb immediately after the previous limb without a very long break in between. A very long while is considered to be the duration long enough for the previous limb to be completely dry.
15 It does not suffice to let water run over your limb, it is obligatory to rub the limbs.
16 One does not dip his hands inside the water container until he has washed the hands by pouring water over and washing them, with the fear of polluting the water which is intended to purify the rest of the limbs.

40 HADITH

The 40 Hadith, compiled by Imam Nawawi

JUZ ‘AMMA

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TAJWEED

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Lesson 3 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Purification and Types of Water

Lesson 3 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Purification and Types of Water

Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah

21st June, 2017

Aqsaam ul-miyaah allati yajuzu minh al-wudu
(The types of water which are permissible to use for wudu)

This is a course taught by Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks covering the entire text. This text covers the essentials of purification, prayer and fasting according to the Mālikī school.

Matn

al-‘Ashmawiyyah.

Purification – Types of Water

You can download an MP3 of this lesson here: Lesson 3 – Purification and Types of Water

You can download a PDF of the english text here: Matn al-Ashmawiyyah

 

Lesson Notes:

Know, and may Allah the Exalted grant you success, that water is of two types, mixed water and unmixed water.

Unmixed water is tahuur (pure). It is absolute water which is permissible to use for wudu, whether the water descended from the sky or sprung from the earth (boreholes, wells, etc).

 Mixed water is water which due to this mixing changes in one of three qualities; color, taste or smell, and this is divided into two:

1. It is water which becomes mixed with impurity and causes it to change (color, taste or smell). This water is impure and it is not suitable to use for wudu. However, if the impurity does not cause it to change and that the water is little in amount and the filth also is of little in amount; in this case, it is disliked to use it for wudu according to the mashhuur (the prominent position in the madhhab)1

2. It is water which is sometimes mixed with something pure and that pure substance changes the water. If that pure substance is something which can be separated or prevented from being mixed with the water, like water mixed with saffron, roses and dough or anything like that, then this water is pure in its essence but it is not purifying. Nonetheless, it can be used for other usual things like cooking, baking, drinking and things like that but it cannot be used for worship i.e. wudu or anything of that sort. If it is mixed with that which cannot be avoided or prevented from it, like water which has being changed by salt or mud or things like that, or by arsenic, sulphur or things of such a nature, then this kind of water is pure and permissible for wudu.

And Allah knows best.

Footnotes:

1 It is disliked to use this type of water in the presence of cleaner water. But if that is the only water left then, in that case, there is no harm.

40 HADITH

The 40 Hadith, compiled by Imam Nawawi

JUZ ‘AMMA

A resource to help you memorise Juz ‘Amma

TAJWEED

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Lesson 2 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Purification and Things Which Nullify Wudu

Lesson 2 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – Purification and Things Which Nullify Wudu

Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah

19th June, 2017

Nawaaqid ul-wudu1

(Things Which Nullify Wudu)

This is a course taught by Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks covering the entire text. This text covers the essentials of purification, prayer and fasting according to the Mālikī school.

Matn

al-‘Ashmawiyyah.

Purification – Things That Nullify Wudu

You can download an MP3 of this lesson here: Lesson 2 – Purification and Things Which Nullify Wudu

You can download a PDF of the english text here: Matn al-Ashmawiyyah

 

Lesson Notes:

Know, and may Allah grant you success, that things which nullify wudu are of two types:

1. Ahdaath2 (Impurities)
2. Asbaab ahdaath3 (Things which lead or may cause impurities).

Ahdaath (Impurities) are five:

Three of them are from the front (genitals):

1. Madhyu (Prostatic fluid)4
2. Wadyu (Genital discharge)5
3. Bawl (Urine)

And two of them are from the behind:

1. Ghaa’it (excrement)
2. Riyh (passing wind)

Asbaab ahdaath (those things which may cause or lead to impurities):

1. Sleep is of four types.

 Long and heavy sleep nullifies wudu,
 Short and heavy sleep also nullifies wudu,
 Short and light sleep does not nullify wudu
 Long and light sleep, it is merely recommended to refresh wudu.

2. Fainting.
3. Vanishing of intellect due to insanity.
4. Drunkenness.
5. Apostasy.
6. Doubt, whether or not one has wudu.
7. Touching the penis with the palm of the hand, the insides or the sides of the fingers, even if by one finger6.

As for touching (the opposite sex)7 it is of four types:

1. If pleasure is intended and thus found, wudu is nullified
2. If pleasure is found but was not intended, wudu is nullified,
3. If pleasure is intended but not found, wudu is nullified
4. If pleasure is not intended and indeed not found, in this case, wudu is not nullified.

It does not nullify wudu:

1. To touch the (your) buttocks
2. To touch the (your) testicles
3. To touch the genitals of little kids when cleaning/changing them.
4. To vomit
5. To eat camel meat
6. Cupping and bleeding (as a therapeutic measure)
7. To laugh in salaah.
8. For a woman to touch her private part but it is said if she fondles she needs to make wudu.

And Allah knows best.

Footnotes:

1 Wudu is one of the conditions for prayer; there is no prayer without wudu (under normal circumstances). This is the ritual washing of specific limbs as commanded by Allah in Surah Ma’idah:6

“Oh you, who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearmsto the elbows and wipe over your heads and (wash) your feet to the ankles…”

2 Ahdaath (plural for hadath) are things which are absolutely impure in themselves. They immediately nullify wudu of a person from whom they emanate.
3 Asbaab ahdaath are not impurities in themselves but things which may cause or may lead to impurity.
4 Prostatic fluid is that liquid which appears when a person is aroused due to intimacy between the spouses or thoughts.
5 Wadyu (genital discharge) is a thick and whitish fluid which appears after urine.
6 This applies to a person touching his own penis, not a penis of someone else, as in a case of the doctor and also this refers to direct skin to skin contact. There is no harm if there is a veil or towel in between.
7 The opposite sex intended here, is one from whom pleasure (sexual arousal) can be derived as in a case between wife and husband or anyone whom Islam permits one to marry.

40 HADITH

The 40 Hadith, compiled by Imam Nawawi

JUZ ‘AMMA

A resource to help you memorise Juz ‘Amma

TAJWEED

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Lesson 1 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – The Introduction

Lesson 1 of Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah – The Introduction

Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah

17th June, 2017

The work, Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah, by the great scholar ‘Abd al-Baari al-‘Ashmaawiy ar-Rifaa’iyyu, is one of the most celebrated introductory texts in the Malik Madhhab. Traditionally, it was either this text or Matn al-Akhdari which were used as primers for beginners in the Maliki Madhhab, depending on where one was situated on the map. This text, Matn al-‘Ashmawiyyah, was more ideal in East Africa and the latter was more favored in the West, up to North Africa. This treatise explores aspects of worship by which a beginner absorbs enough to make his servitude to Allah correct.

This is a course taught by Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks covering the entire text. This text covers the essentials of purification, prayer and fasting according to the Mālikī school.

Matn

al-‘Ashmawiyyah.

Introduction

You can download an MP3 of this lesson here: Introduction

You can download a PDF of the english text here: Matn al-Ashmawiyyah

40 HADITH
The 40 Hadith, compiled by Imam Nawawi
JUZ ‘AMMA

A resource to help you memorise Juz ‘Amma

TAJWEED
Learn Tajweed with Shaykh Yasir Qadhi

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