Imam Malik was born and lived his whole life in Madina and saw the traces of the Companions and Followers and the grave of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and all the great places there. He felt an enormous esteem for Madina and all it contained which marked his life from his earliest childhood. He maintained this deep-rooted respect until his death and it had a profound impact on his thought, his fiqh and his life in general. He gave great importance to the practice of its people in his ijtihad. Indeed, the principle of the ‘Practice of the People of Madina’ was one of the foundations of his legal method.
“I love to honor the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah (S), and I do not read Hadith without wudu”.
—Imām Mālik [d. 179H/795CE]
He learned the fatwas of the Companions from the Tabi’un and the Tabi’i’t-Tabi’in. He learned ‘Umar’s fatwas and those of Ibn Umar, ‘A’isha and other Companions. He learned the fatwas of Ibn al-Musayyab and other great Tabi’un. Their fatwas are the source of much of Maliki fiqh.
Malik lived surrounded by the traces of the Tabi’un and Companions, and he learned the fatwas of the Companions from the Tabi’un and singled out those whose opinions were best. He investigated the reports of ‘Umar and Ibn Mas’ud and other fuqaha’ of the Companions, studying their cases and rulings.